- Entitlement and access to public health care services
- Medical treatment: consent and withdrawal
- Advance Directives
- Taking care of a mentally incapacitated person: Guardianship or Committee
- Enduring Power of Attorney
- Elder abuse
- Medical negligence
- Medical insurance
- Care by residential care homes for elderly persons
Forms of elder abuse
Physical abuse• Physical abuse is a physical injury or suffering inflicted on an elder non-accidentally or due to the lack of preventive measures.
Psychological abuse• Psychological abuse is a pattern of behaviour and/or an attitude towards an elder that endangers or impairs the elder’s psychological health. This includes acts of insult, scolding, isolation, causing constant fear to the elder for a long period of time, intrusion into the elder’s privacy and unnecessary restriction of the elder’s freedom of access and movement.
Neglect• Neglect is a severe or persistent lack of attention to an elder’s basic needs (such as adequate food, clothing, shelter, medical treatment, and nursing care) that endangers or impairs the elder’s health or safety. Neglect also includes the lack of provision of medicine and auxiliary equipment according to medical advice, which causes physical harm to the elder.
• If a formal service provider (e.g. Residential Care Homes for the Elderly, Integrated Home Care Services Teams, hospitals etc.) fails to perform its caring responsibility and causes harm to the elder, the case can also be considered as neglect.